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8.13 Operations on C Streams

The package Interfaces.C_Streams provides an Ada program with direct access to the C library functions for operations on C streams:

     package Interfaces.C_Streams is
       -- Note: the reason we do not use the types that are in
       -- Interfaces.C is that we want to avoid dragging in the
       -- code in this unit if possible.
       subtype chars is System.Address;
       -- Pointer to null-terminated array of characters
       subtype FILEs is System.Address;
       -- Corresponds to the C type FILE*
       subtype voids is System.Address;
       -- Corresponds to the C type void*
       subtype int is Integer;
       subtype long is Long_Integer;
       -- Note: the above types are subtypes deliberately, and it
       -- is part of this spec that the above correspondences are
       -- guaranteed.  This means that it is legitimate to, for
       -- example, use Integer instead of int.  We provide these
       -- synonyms for clarity, but in some cases it may be
       -- convenient to use the underlying types (for example to
       -- avoid an unnecessary dependency of a spec on the spec
       -- of this unit).
       type size_t is mod 2 ** Standard'Address_Size;
       NULL_Stream : constant FILEs;
       -- Value returned (NULL in C) to indicate an
       -- fdopen/fopen/tmpfile error
       -- Constants Defined in stdio.h --
       EOF : constant int;
       -- Used by a number of routines to indicate error or
       -- end of file
       IOFBF : constant int;
       IOLBF : constant int;
       IONBF : constant int;
       -- Used to indicate buffering mode for setvbuf call
       SEEK_CUR : constant int;
       SEEK_END : constant int;
       SEEK_SET : constant int;
       -- Used to indicate origin for fseek call
       function stdin return FILEs;
       function stdout return FILEs;
       function stderr return FILEs;
       -- Streams associated with standard files
       -- Standard C functions --
       -- The functions selected below are ones that are
       -- available in UNIX (but not necessarily in ANSI C).
       -- These are very thin interfaces
       -- which copy exactly the C headers.  For more
       -- documentation on these functions, see the Microsoft C
       -- "Run-Time Library Reference" (Microsoft Press, 1990,
       -- ISBN 1-55615-225-6), which includes useful information
       -- on system compatibility.
       procedure clearerr (stream : FILEs);
       function fclose (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fdopen (handle : int; mode : chars) return FILEs;
       function feof (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function ferror (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fflush (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fgetc (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fgets (strng : chars; n : int; stream : FILEs)
           return chars;
       function fileno (stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fopen (filename : chars; Mode : chars)
           return FILEs;
       -- Note: to maintain target independence, use
       -- text_translation_required, a boolean variable defined in
       -- a-sysdep.c to deal with the target dependent text
       -- translation requirement.  If this variable is set,
       -- then  b/t should be appended to the standard mode
       -- argument to set the text translation mode off or on
       -- as required.
       function fputc (C : int; stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fputs (Strng : chars; Stream : FILEs) return int;
       function fread
          (buffer : voids;
           size : size_t;
           count : size_t;
           stream : FILEs)
           return size_t;
       function freopen
          (filename : chars;
           mode : chars;
           stream : FILEs)
           return FILEs;
       function fseek
          (stream : FILEs;
           offset : long;
           origin : int)
           return int;
       function ftell (stream : FILEs) return long;
       function fwrite
          (buffer : voids;
           size : size_t;
           count : size_t;
           stream : FILEs)
           return size_t;
       function isatty (handle : int) return int;
       procedure mktemp (template : chars);
       -- The return value (which is just a pointer to template)
       -- is discarded
       procedure rewind (stream : FILEs);
       function rmtmp return int;
       function setvbuf
          (stream : FILEs;
           buffer : chars;
           mode : int;
           size : size_t)
           return int;
       function tmpfile return FILEs;
       function ungetc (c : int; stream : FILEs) return int;
       function unlink (filename : chars) return int;
       -- Extra functions --
       -- These functions supply slightly thicker bindings than
       -- those above.  They are derived from functions in the
       -- C Run-Time Library, but may do a bit more work than
       -- just directly calling one of the Library functions.
       function is_regular_file (handle : int) return int;
       -- Tests if given handle is for a regular file (result 1)
       -- or for a non-regular file (pipe or device, result 0).
       -- Control of Text/Binary Mode --
       -- If text_translation_required is true, then the following
       -- functions may be used to dynamically switch a file from
       -- binary to text mode or vice versa.  These functions have
       -- no effect if text_translation_required is false (i.e. in
       -- normal UNIX mode).  Use fileno to get a stream handle.
       procedure set_binary_mode (handle : int);
       procedure set_text_mode (handle : int);
       -- Full Path Name support --
       procedure full_name (nam : chars; buffer : chars);
       -- Given a NUL terminated string representing a file
       -- name, returns in buffer a NUL terminated string
       -- representing the full path name for the file name.
       -- On systems where it is relevant the   drive is also
       -- part of the full path name.  It is the responsibility
       -- of the caller to pass an actual parameter for buffer
       -- that is big enough for any full path name.  Use
       -- max_path_len given below as the size of buffer.
       max_path_len : integer;
       -- Maximum length of an allowable full path name on the
       -- system, including a terminating NUL character.
     end Interfaces.C_Streams;