Next: , Up: Code Coverage of Ada Programs with gcov   [Contents][Index] Quick startup guide

In order to perform coverage analysis of a program using gcov, several steps are needed:

  1. Instrument the code during the compilation process,
  2. Execute the instrumented program, and
  3. Invoke the gcov tool to generate the coverage results.

The code instrumentation needed by gcov is created at the object level. The source code is not modified in any way, because the instrumentation code is inserted by gcc during the compilation process. To compile your code with code coverage activated, you need to recompile your whole project using the switches -fprofile-arcs and -ftest-coverage, and link it using -fprofile-arcs.

$ gnatmake -P my_project.gpr -f -cargs -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage \\
   -largs -fprofile-arcs

This compilation process will create .gcno files together with the usual object files.

Once the program is compiled with coverage instrumentation, you can run it as many times as needed – on portions of a test suite for example. The first execution will produce .gcda files at the same location as the .gcno files. Subsequent executions will update those files, so that a cumulative result of the covered portions of the program is generated.

Finally, you need to call the gcov tool. The different options of gcov are described in the GCC User’s Guide, section `Invoking gcov'.

This will create annotated source files with a .gcov extension: my_main.adb file will be analyzed in my_main.adb.gcov.